Indicators are measures of compliance and effectiveness of a state’s implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B.
IDEA Part B is a federal statute which deals with individuals ages 3 through 21 years of age who are receiving special education and/or related services. Part B lists 20 indicators of effectiveness on which states collect and report data to the Office for Special Education Programs (OSEP).
"(a) IN GENERAL- Each State that receives assistance under this part, and the Secretary of the Interior, shall provide data each year to the Secretary -- (1)(A) on -- (i) the number of children with disabilities, by race, ethnicity, and disability category, who are receiving a free appropriate public education" (IDEA, Section 618).
States are required to report indicator outcomes in their State Performance Plan (SPP) and Annual Performance Report (APR) to OSEP by February 1st annually. Data are collected not only for reporting but also for continuous improvement of special education and/or related services for students with disabilities.
Of the 20 IDEA Part B indicators, only four indicators (1, 2, 13, and 14 highlighted below) relate to secondary transition. The 20 indicators are as follows:
- Indicator 1: Graduation Rates
- Indicator 2: Dropout Rates
- Indicator 3: Participation and Performance on Statewide Assessments
- Indicator 4: Suspensions and Expulsions
- Indicator 5: Participation/Time in General Education Settings (LRE)
- Indicator 6: Preschool Children in General Education Settings (Pre-School LRE)
- Indicator 7: Preschool Children with Improved Outcomes
- Indicator 8: Parental Involvement
- Indicator 9: Disproportionate Representation in Special Education that is the Result of Inappropriate Identification
- Indicator 10: Disproportionate Representation in Specific Disability Categories that is the Result of Inappropriate Identification.
- Indicator 11: Timeframe Between Evaluation and Identification (Child Find)
- Indicator 12: Transition Between Part C and Part B
- Indicator 13: Transition in the IEP
- Indicator 14: Post-School Outcomes
- Indicator 15: Noncompliance Issues in General Supervision System
- Indicator 16: Resolution of Written Complaints
- Indicator 17: Due Process/Dispute Resolution
- Indicator 18: Dispute Resolution
- Indicator 19: Mediations Resulting in Mediation Agreements
- Indicator 20: Timeliness and Accuracy of State Reported Data
Following are the measurements for the four indicators relating to transition:
- Indicator 1: Graduation Rates | "Percent of youth with IEPs graduating from high school with a regular diploma."
- Indicator 2: Drop-out Rates | "Percent of youth with IEPs dropping out of high school."
- Indicator 13: Post-school Transition Goals in IEP | "Percent of youth aged 16 and above with an IEP that includes coordinated, measurable, annual IEP goals and transition services that will reasonably enable the student to meet the post-secondary goals."
- Indicator 14: Participation in Post-secondary Settings | "Percent of youth who had IEPs, are no longer in secondary school and who have been competitively employed, enrolled in some type of postsecondary school, or both, within one year of leaving high school."
(Sources: IDEA, 20 U.S.C. 1416(a)(3)(A), Florida's State Performance Plan)
National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT), Data Analysis and Use
This website features resources related to all four transition indicators as well as related resources including a "tree of influence" that provides a visual of the relationship among the transition indicators.
Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) GRADS360
Contains SPP/APR resources as well as other OSEP material and related events. GRADS360° is also the platform for States to submit the IDEA Part B and Part C State Performance Plan/Annual Performance Report (SPP/APR) electronically each year.
Part B State Performance Plan (SPP) and Annual Performance Report (APR): Part B Indicator Measurement Table
Contains descriptions of all IDEA Part B Indicators and resources for data collection and reporting.