Student Development

Preparing students for participation in all of life's spheres

Student development activities promote skill development in the areas of education, employment and independent living through school-based and work-based learning opportunities as well as through student assessments and accommodations. Through the development of identified skills, students are prepared to participate in planning and living their lives. The National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT) includes student development as one of the five primary practices in transition programming with the following sub-practices:

  • Assessment
  • Academic Skills
  • Life, Social and Emotional Skills
  • Employment and Occupational Skills
  • Student Supports
  • Instructional Context (Kohler et al., 2016)

The National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT) has also identified 12 evidence-based practices, 39 research-based practices and 36 promising practices for use in student development. NTACT suggests using graphic organizers, time delays, response prompting, graduated sequence of instruction and other effective instructional practices. Refer to the Effective Practices and Predictors chart (Effective Practices and Predictors Matrix, 2017; Test et al., 2010; Test, et al., 2009).

This section contains the following list of pages where you can learn more about the area of student development:


Effective practices and predictors matrix. (2017, October 12). Retrieved from

Kohler, P. D., Gothberg, J. E., Fowler, C. and Coyle, J. (2016). Taxonomy for transition programming 2.0: A model for planning, organizing and evaluating transition education, services and programs. Retrieved from

Test, D.W., Fowler, C.H., Richter, S.M., White, J., Mazzotti, V., Walker, A.R., Kohler, P., & Kortering, L. (2009, August). Evidence-based practices in secondary transition. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 32, 115-128. Retrieved from

Test, D.W., Fowler, C., Kohler, P., & Kortering, L. (2010, August). Evidence-based practices and predictors in secondary transition: What we know and what we need to know, Executive Summary. (Revised). Charlotte, NC: National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center. Retrieved from effectivepractices/EBPP_Exec_Summary_2016_12_13_16.pdf